One can be inundated with the amount of different types of wall systems for your home. As green building becomes more and more common place and a desired element for clients, we will see the number of systems grow every year. We will list a few of the systems here.
ICF (insulating concrete forms) is a system of forms that stay in place as the permanent interior and exterior substrate for your walls. They are interlocking modular units that are stacked and filled with concrete. Rebar is added before to give the concrete more strength. The benefits are extremely high thermal performance, acoustic insulation, thicker wall for aesthetics, easy to stucco, safer against fire than wood, and strength.
SIP (structural insulating panels) consist of an insulating middle layer that is sandwiched between two layers of structural board. This board can be made up of steel, plywood, or other materials. They combine many elements of conventional building into one such as studs, joists, insulation and vapor barrier and can be used as walls, roofs and floors. SIP panels have great thermal performance, construction time can be faster, and the house is tighter.
Integra walls are an engineered and post-tensioned masonry system. It provides the same benefits of a traditional masonry system while at the same time providing superior thermal performance. The aesthetic benefits are that you can leave the masonry exposed and use it as a feature in your project.
Rammed Earth, Masonry, Steel Stud, as well as many others make up so many choices one has to build green.